CURRENT AFFAIRS

As the title suggests matters of day to day life featuring in different broadcasts are placed in the category of current affairs. As no channel can survive without broadcasting news, there is also no escape from making programs of current affairs. So wide is the scope of current affairs programs that we need to put them in a classified manner.

Talk Shows
introduction to broadcasting  CURRENT AFFAIRS

Generally an expert is called to speak 7-8 minutes on a subject of current interest. This is followed by a talk between him and an anchorperson. Such programs usually last for 25-30 minutes with the main purpose of giving a detailed view of an issue which has surfaced recently in one way or the other. Or a new dimension assumed by an old issue, may also be the topic for the talk in these shows.

Discussions

More than one person are invited to take part in a discussion on the pattern of round-table conference in which every participant is given equal weight and right to speak from his/her individual point of view. The compere plays the role of conducting the program. A lot of training is required to compere such programs as in these programs every body wants to talk more and loud. At times it is not manageable to continue the discussion, especially if it is a political issue, or regional matter in which strong arguments exist on both sides of the line-of- opinion. The role of compere here is to cool down the matters and take the program to a logical conclusion so that listeners should benefit more, rather than feeling a bad taste in the mouth at the close of the program. Some time some compere tend to take side with one opinion and then with others only to generate a heated debate, and in their wisdom, making the program interesting and lively. As far it does not cause a heart burning to any interest-group, or any ill-will, there is no harm in doing so. But generally such an approach is not encouraged; an anchorperson should stay as neutral in a discussion as possible.

Interviews

Interviews are the live-wire for current affairs for any broadcasting house. Every expert in his or her area of operation is not imparting information all the time which is in the interest of common people. Some time the people with high opinion on matters of common interest are so busy with their routine life that they do not get time and space to share their expertise with the people. Broadcasting houses get hold of these people and with the help of an interviewer, who is usually very well acquainted with the subject, hold an exclusive question-answer session called, an interview, with them.

Since interviews, is a huge area, it is divided into sub-categories:

Single Person Interviews: Here an expert is asked questions by one person to cover the issue as much as possible.

Panel Interviews: This category refers to an interview conducted by more than one person. For instance three people interview the Prime Minister. Panel interviews are held for a person holding a top slot where he or she is performing multiple tasks. Experts in the panel ask questions in which they can easily talk, to make common people understand the intricacies of the issue in a rather simple fashion.

Interviews may be about a personality. You interview many literary people to know more about the person of Ghalib or Faiz. A politician, a sportsperson or a philanthropist may be the focus for this category of interviews. Interviews may be about a situation. You collect information by interviewing scores of people about the havoc caused by an earthquake, a fire in a building, a storm or a crime.

And lastly, interviews may be about a topic like health. You question a number of doctors about an epidemic, which has recently hit a town.

Seminars

A very favorite category in current affairs is arranging seminars for the purposes of broadcasting. Here a sizeable audience is invited with an expert presiding over the session. One or two speakers first make their presentation on a topic of current interest in any arena of life varying from religion, economics, sports, childcare to cinema-world. Their speeches follow questions from audience (on controversial matters it is difficult to control audience as well as speakers). The chairperson is however, there to keep matters in control. The questions session is followed by remarks and observation of the presiding person who generally summarize the topic and announces conclusion of the sitting.

Live Shows

Usually arranged for the purpose of entertainment, but it is not a text book rule. These shows may be on any topic – to honor your national hockey team which has won a world championship; for the artist from neighboring country who have come to participate in some fund-raising campaign, or to show how balloting process is going on the day general elections for the National Assembly are held. These shows generally generate more interest and involve more people into a discussion. The script for such shows is usually written in a lighter mood, enabling people to participate with more freedom and without the fear of being very formal when the microphone is pointed towards them.

But one point must be borne in the mind about these shows- it is at the same time a test of nerves for the producer for any person can say any thing in any manner which a broadcasting house cannot afford to air! Say Bravo to producers who take up the challenge of doing a live show.

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